Cycle 9

In this cycle, students are introduced to the phonemes /l/, /s/, /f/, and /z/ as represented by the graphemes “-ll,” “-ss,” “-ff,” “-zz.” Students should understand that the short vowel needs an extra letter when these sounds are at the end of a single-syllable word. Direct instruction of consonant blends with “s” as an orthographic unit occurs (“sm”, “st”, “sp”, and “sk”). In addition, “-ed” as /d/ is introduced and included in the Decodable text and offered as an extension in lessons.