Cycle 8

In this cycle, students are introduced to the phonemes /w/ /k/ as represented by the graphemes “wh-,” and “-ck.” This cycle also starts a significant push towards automaticity with decoding and encoding single-syllable words with four (and more) phonemes. In effect, student decoding of single-syllable short vowel words shifts to words with consonant blends. Students are introduced to the suffix -ed (pronounced /t/) to denote past tense (e.g., “ducked,” “fixed,” “kicked,” “locked,” “jumped,” etc.).