Lesson plan

Distinguish between theoretical and experimental probability by using the Law of Large Numbers

teaches Common Core State Standards CCSS.Math.Content.7.SP.C.7 http://corestandards.org/Math/Content/7/SP/C/7
teaches Common Core State Standards CCSS.Math.Practice.MP4 http://corestandards.org/Math/Practice/MP4
teaches Common Core State Standards CCSS.Math.Practice.MP7 http://corestandards.org/Math/Practice/MP7

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Big Ideas: The theoretical probability of an event may not align exactly with the experimental probability, but their values come closer under the Law of Large Numbers. By setting up a model of 30 flips of a coin, the students will see varying results, but ultimately, they should see that the more often they flip the coin, the more closely aligned their predicted outcome will align with their experimental outcome. Vocabulary: Theory, Theoretical, Experiment, Experimental, Probability, Chance, Outcomes, Law of Large Numbers, Simulation Special Materials: None