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Lesson Plan

6. Use the properties of multiplication to solve problems (A)

teaches Common Core State Standards CCSS.Math.Practice.MP6 http://corestandards.org/Math/Practice/MP6
teaches Common Core State Standards CCSS.Math.Content.3.OA.B.5 http://corestandards.org/Math/Content/3/OA/B/5
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Lesson objective: Apply properties of multiplication to solve problems.

This lesson provides an opportunity for students to apply their knowledge and understanding of the associative and distributive properties of multiplication to a real-life situation. Students are asked to find ways to use a calculator to solve multiplication problems when specific number and operation keys on the calculator are broken. To solve the problems, students must create equivalent equations by decomposing numbers into simpler factors and addends and using the properties to multiply correctly.  

Key Concept students will use: 

  • the properties of multiplication and the relationship between multiplication and division to solve equations with an unknown

Skills students will use:

  • decomposing numbers into simpler factors and addends
  • applying the associative and distributive properties of multiplication

Students engage in Mathematical Practice 6 (attend to precision) as they decompose numbers and apply the properties of multiplication to rewrite equations in order to use the broken calculator.

Key vocabulary: 

  • addend
  • factor
  • parentheses
  • product
  • property

Special materials needed (optional):

  • grid paper
  • square tiles
Related content

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Solving problems involving area

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