Lesson plan

10. Apply fluency to solve problems more efficiently (A)

teaches Common Core State Standards CCSS.Math.Content.K.OA.A.2 http://corestandards.org/Math/Content/K/OA/A/2
teaches Common Core State Standards CCSS.Math.Content.K.OA.A.5 http://corestandards.org/Math/Content/K/OA/A/5
teaches Common Core State Standards CCSS.Math.Practice.MP1 http://corestandards.org/Math/Practice/MP1
teaches Common Core State Standards CCSS.Math.Practice.MP8 http://corestandards.org/Math/Practice/MP8
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Lesson objective: Apply fluency skills in order to solve problems more efficiently.

This lesson provides an opportunity for students to apply their knowledge and understanding of fluency within five to a real-life situation. Students are asked to solve a problem involving missing items with fluency.

Key Concept students will use: 

  • Fluently adding and subtracting can help us solve math problems more efficiently.


Skills students will use:

  • Composing and decomposing numbers to five

Students engage in Mathematical Practice 1 (Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them) as they use their knowledge of number partners to fluently add and subtract within five.

Key vocabulary: 

  • fluency
  • number partners

Special materials needed:​

  • two-color counters