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Lesson plan

Lesson 13: Incorporating Rotations

teaches Common Core State Standards MP5 http://corestandards.org/Math/Practice/MP5
teaches Common Core State Standards HSN-Q.A.3 http://corestandards.org/Math/Content/HSN/Q/A/3
teaches Common Core State Standards HSG-CO.A.2 http://corestandards.org/Math/Content/HSG/CO/A/2
teaches Common Core State Standards HSG-CO.A.5 http://corestandards.org/Math/Content/HSG/CO/A/5
teaches Common Core State Standards HSG-CO.A.1 http://corestandards.org/Math/Content/HSG/CO/A/1
teaches Common Core State Standards MP6 http://corestandards.org/Math/Practice/MP6

Lesson 13: Incorporating Rotations

This lesson continues to build on prior knowledge about congruence to reinforce the idea that the rigid motions, translations, reflections, and rotations preserve distances and angles. In this lesson, students return to studying transformations on a grid, as they encounter rotations for the first time in this course. In subsequent lessons in this unit, students learn a precise definition for rotation that applies off the grid. 

In one activity, students complete a sequence of translation, reflection, and rotation where each rigid motion lines up one pair of points in a pair of congruent triangles. This sequence of point-by-point transformation will be the basis for triangle congruence proof in a subsequent unit. Students attend to precision when they determine the necessary pieces of information to describe a rotation as well as when they determine appropriate levels of confidence when measuring with a protractor (MP6).

Note that these materials use the convention that all named angles are assumed to measure less than 180 degrees, unless otherwise specified.

Technology isn't required for this lesson, but there are opportunities for students to choose to use appropriate technology to solve problems. We recommend making technology available.

Lesson overview

  • 13.1 Warm-up: Left to Right (10 minutes)
  • 13.2 Activity: Turning on a Grid (15 minutes)
    • Digital applet in this activity
  • 13.3 Activity: Translate, Rotate, Reflect (10 minutes)
    • Digital applet in this activity
    • Includes "Are you Ready for More?" extension problem
  • Lesson Synthesis
  • 13.4 Cool-down: Find a Sequence (5 minutes) 

Learning goals:

  • Comprehend that rigid transformations produce congruent figures by preserving distance and angles.
  • Draw the result of a transformation (in written language) of a given figure.
  • Explain (orally and in writing) a sequence of transformations to take a given figure onto another.

Learning goals (student facing):

  • Let's draw some transformations.

Learning targets (student facing):

  • Given a figure and the description of a transformation, I can draw the figure's image after the transformation.
  • I can describe the sequence of transformations necessary to take a figure onto another figure.
  • I know that rigid transformations result in congruent figures.

Required materials:

  • Geometry toolkits
  • Protractors


  • This lesson builds towards the standard:CCSS.HSG-CO.B.6MS.G-CO.6MO.G.CO.A.5MO.G.CO.B.6






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