Lesson plan

Represent and interpret categorical data by creating a picture graph

teaches Common Core State Standards CCSS.Math.Content.2.MD.D.10 http://corestandards.org/Math/Content/2/MD/D/10
teaches Common Core State Standards CCSS.Math.Practice.MP1 http://corestandards.org/Math/Practice/MP1
teaches Common Core State Standards CCSS.Math.Practice.MP4 http://corestandards.org/Math/Practice/MP4

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Big Ideas: Data that can be measured can be represented. Measurement processes are used in everyday life to describe and quantify the world. Charts and graphs can help make solving problems easier. This lesson builds on the students' work with collecting and sorting survey data. This task uses the pretense of a student, Carmela, needing information about which club to start. Students are asked to decide on 4 club choices and conduct a survey of their peers. Students will record their data on a tally chart and create a picture graph display for Carmela's friends. As students compare their representations in the lesson debrief, they will discover the necessity and benefits of common graphing conventions. The mathematical concepts in this lesson build toward students' future work with drawing and solving word problems including picture and bar graphs. Vocabulary: tally chart, representation, data, category, picture graph, vertical, horizontal, total, count (referring to a total of a group) Special Materials: 1 to 1 1/2 inch graph paper (one per student or pair) Tally chart templates Optional: Clipboards Class Lists Stickers, sticky notes, stamps