In this lesson, students use the fivenumber summary to construct a new type of data display: a box plot. Similar to their first encounter with the median, students are introduced to the structure of a box plot through a kinesthetic activity. Using the class data set that contains the numbers of letters in their names (from an earlier lesson), they first identify the numbers that make up the fivenumber summary. Then, they use their numbers to position themselves on a number line on the ground, and are guided through how a box plot would be constructed with them as the data points.
Later, students draw and make sense of the structure of a box plot on paper (MP7). They notice that, unlike the dot plot, it is not possible to know all the data points from a box plot. They understand that the box plot summarizes a data set by showing the range of the data, where the middle half of the data set is located, and how the values are divided into quarters by the quartiles.
Lesson overview
 16.1 Warmup: Notice and Wonder: Puppy Weights (5 minutes)
 16.2 Activity: Human Box Plot (15 minutes)

16.3 Activity: Studying Blinks (15 minutes)
 Includes "Are you Ready for More?" extension problem
 Lesson Synthesis
 16.4 Cooldown: Boxes and Dots (5 minutes)
Learning goals:
 Compare and contrast (orally) a dot plot and a box plot that represent the same data set.
 Create a box plot to represent a data set.
 Describe (orally) the parts of a box plot that correspond with each number in the fivenumber summary, the range, and the IQR of a data set.
Learning goals (student facing):
 Let's explore how box plots can help us summarize distributions.
Learning targets (student facing):
 I know what information a box plot shows and how it is constructed.
 I can use the fivenumber summary to draw a box plot.
Required materials:
 scissors
 tape
 markers
 string
 index cards
Required preparation:
 For the Human Box Plot activity:
 Each student will need the index card that shows their name and the number of letters in their name (used for the Finding the Middle activity), as well as a class data set.
 Compile the numbers on the cards into a single list or table. Prepare one copy of the data set for each student.
 Have some extra index cards available for students who might have been absent in that earlier lesson.
 Prepare five index cards that are labeled with "minimum," "maximum," "Q1," "Q2," and "Q3."
 Make a number line on the ground using thin masking tape (0.5 inch). It should show whole number intervals and span at least from the lowest data value to the highest. The intervals should be at least a student's shoulder's width.
 Prepare a roll of wide masking tape (2 or 3inch wide) to create a box and two whiskers on the ground.
Glossary:
 box plot  A box plot is a way to represent data on a number line. The data is divided into four sections. The sides of the box represent the first and third quartiles. A line inside the box represents the median. Lines outside the box connect to the minimum and maximum values. For example, this box plot shows a data set with a minimum of 2 and a maximum of 15. The median is 6, the first quartile is 5, and the third quartile is 10.
 Access the complete Grade 6 glossary.
IM 6–8 Math was originally developed by Open Up Resources and authored by Illustrative Mathematics, and is copyright 20172019 by Open Up Resources. It is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). OUR's 6–8 Math Curriculum is available at https://openupresources.org/mathcurriculum/.
Adaptations and updates to IM 6–8 Math are copyright 2019 by Illustrative Mathematics, and are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
Adaptations to add additional English language learner supports are copyright 2019 by Open Up Resources, and are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).
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