Lesson plan

14. Practice explaining the comparison between known quantities and an unknown value (FP)

teaches Common Core State Standards 2.OA.A.1 http://corestandards.org/Math/Content/2/OA/A/1
teaches Common Core State Standards MP1 http://corestandards.org/Math/Practice/MP1
teaches Common Core State Standards MP7 http://corestandards.org/Math/Practice/MP7
teaches Common Core State Standards 2.OA.B.2 http://corestandards.org/Math/Content/2/OA/B/2

14. Practice explaining the comparison between known quantities and an unknown value (FP)

Lesson objective: Practice explaining the comparison between known quantities and an unknown value.

This lesson helps to build fluency with comparison statements. Number lines, cubes and part/part/whole models are used so students can compare values using a visual model. This work develops students' understanding that we can compare known quantities by the unknown value.

Students engage in Mathematical Practice 1 (Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them) as they notice that they can use the properties of operations and the relationship between addition and subtraction to solve comparison situations using the number line. Students also engage in Mathematical Practice 7 (Look for and make use of structure) as they utilize their knowledge of number sequence when comparing two numbers using “more”, "fewer", and “less" than.

Key vocabulary:

  • addend
  • addition
  • compare
  • comparison 
  • equation 
  • fewer than
  • less than
  • missing value
  • part/part/whole model
  • subtraction
  • unknown
  • value

Special materials needed:

  • part/part/whole mat
  • cubes or counters